首页 >> 学校动态 >> 教育资讯
小学英语动词、词组以及句型归纳整理
发布时间:2017-05-02 浏览:589次

 小学英语动词、词组以及句型都有哪些小学英语学习到底难不难荆楚潮灵飞英语怎么样?荆楚潮灵飞英语培训好不好?

由动词开头构成的短语、词组很多。复习时应分类处理:

.动词+介词

1.look at…看…,look like … 看上去像……,look after …照料…

2.listen to…听……

3.welcome to…欢迎到……

4.say hello to …向……问好

5.speak to…对……说话

此类短语相当于及物动词,其后必须带宾语,但宾语无论是名词还是代词,都要放在介词之后。如:

This is my new bike. Please look it after.(×)

This is my new bike. Please look after it.()

.动词+副词

“动词+副词”所构成的短语义分为两类:

A.动词(vt.)+副词

put on 穿上 2.take off脱下 3.write down记下

此类短语可以带宾语,宾语若是名词,放在副词前后皆可;宾语若是人称代词,只能放在副词的前面。试比较:

First listen to the tape, then write down the answer/write the answer down. ()

First listen to the answer, then write down it.(×)

First listen to the answer, then write it down.()

B.动词(vi)+副词

1.come on赶快 2.get up起床 3.go home回家 4.come in进来 5.sit down坐下 6.stand up起立

此类短语属于不及物动词,不可以带宾语。

.其它类动词词组

1.close the door 2.1ook the same 3.go to work/class 4.be ill 5.have a look/seat 6.have supper 7.1ook young 8.go shopping 9.watch TV/games 10. play games.

介词短语聚焦

“介词+名词/代词”所构成的短语称为介词短语。现将Unitsl-16常用的介词短语按用法进行归类。

1.in+语言/颜色/衣帽等,表示使用某种语言或穿着……。如:in Englishin the hat

2.in + Row/ Team/ Class/ Grade等,表示“在……排//班级/年级”等。

3.in the morning/ afternoon/ evening/ 表示“在上午/下午/傍晚”等一段时间。

4.in the desk/ pencil-box/bedroom 等表示“在书桌/铅笔盒/卧室里”。

5.in the tree表示“在树上 (非树本身所有);on the tree表示“在树上(为树本身所有)”。如:There are some in the tree. There are many apples on the trees.

(马上点标题下“家长会”关注可获取更多教育经验、方法、学习资料,每天更新哟!)

6.in the wall表示“在墙上(凹陷进去);on the wall表示“在墙上(指墙的表面)”。如:Therere four windows in the wall, and there is a map on the back wall.

7.at work(在工作)/at school(上学)/at home(在家)应注意此类短语中无the

8.at + 时刻表示钟点。如:at six, at half , past ten.

9.like this/that表示方式,意为“像……这/那样”。

10.of短语表示所属关系。如:a picture of a classroom, a map of China.

11.behind/ beside/ near/ under+ 名词等,表示方位、处所。如:beside/ near the door, under/ behind the tree.

12.fromto多表示方向,前者意为“从……”,后者意为“到……”。如:from one to ten, (go) to school/ bed/ work.

另外,以下这些短语也必须掌握。如:on duty, after breakfast, at night, at the door, in the middle, in the sky, on ones bike等。

重点句型大回放

1.I think…意为“我认为……”,是对某人或某事的看法或态度的一种句型。其否定式常用I dont think…,如:I think hes Mr Zhinag. (L17)I dont think you are right.

2.give sth. to sb./ give sb. sth. 意为“把……给……”,动词give之后可接双宾语,可用这两种句型;若指物的宾语是人称代词时,则只能用give it/ them to sb. 如:

His parents give him a nice purse./His parents give a nice purse to him. Give it to Mr Hu.(L57)

3.take sb./ sth. to…意为“把……()带到……”,后常接地点,也可接人。如:

Please take the new books to the classroom.

4.One, the other/One isand one is…意为“一个是……;另一个是……”,必须是两者中。如:One is red and one is grey.(L50)One is red,, the other is grey.

5.Let sb. do sth. 意为“让某人做某事”,人后应用不带to的动词不定式,其否定式为Dont let sbdo sth.,或Let sb. not do sth. 另外,Lets Let us的含义不完全相同,前者包括听者在内,后者不包括听者在内,如:Lets go for a walk./Let us try once more, please.

6.help sb. (to) do sth./help sb. with sth.意为“帮助某人做某事”,前者用不定式作宾补,后者用介词短语作宾补,二者可以互换。如:Let me help you find it.(L42)/Let me help you with it.

7.What about?/How about?意为“……怎么样?”是用来询问或征求对方的观点、意见、看法等。about为介词,其后须接名词、代词或V-ing等形式。如:What/How playing chess?

8.Its time to do/ Its time for sth. 意为“该做……的时间了”,其中to后须接原形动词,for后可接名词或V-ing形式。如:Its time to have supper. =Its time for supper.

9.like to do sth./like doing sth.意为“喜欢做某事”,如:Li Lei and his friends like to play in the tree house. (L 43)前一种句型侧重具体的一次性的动作;后一种句型侧重习惯性的动作,试比较:

Tom likes swimming, but doesnt like to swim this afternoon.

10.ask sb.(not) to do sth. 意为“让某人(不要)做某事”,其中ask sb.后应接动词不定式,如:

Ask your friends to guess what is in it. (L44)

11.show sb. sth. / show sth. to do. 意为“把某物给某人看”,该句型的用法同前面第2点。如:

Show your friend your family photo.(L36)/Show your family photo to your friend.

12.introduce sb. to sb. 意为“把某人介绍给另一人”;introduce to sb.则是“向某人作介绍”。如:Introduce your family to her.

以上就是由荆楚潮教育灵飞英语老师整理出的小学英语动词、词组以及句型要点,希望同学们都能好好记忆。荆楚潮教育怎么样?荆楚潮教育好不好?荆楚潮教育灵飞英语培训行不行?更多荆楚潮教育相关咨询,敬请添加微信公众号:Jingchupx

  • QQ咨询

  • 在线咨询
  • 电话咨询

  • 18971223383(中学)
  • 18086604622(小学)
X